Host Plants

Flower of Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)

Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)

Turtlehead (Chelone glabra) is a herbaceous perennial that grows in wet places such as floodplains, swamps, and ditches. It is the host plant for the Baltimore Checkerspot.

Flower of Maryland Senna (Senna marilandica)

American Senna (Senna marilandica)

American Senna (Senna marilandica) is found in open areas that have full sun and are well drained. Senna has yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and fall. It is the host plant for three species of butterflies.

Yellow Golden Alexander (Zizia aurea)

Golden Alexander (Zizia aurea)

Golden Alexander (Zizia aurea) is found in open areas with moist soil such prairies, fields, and powerline right-of-ways. It has yellow flowers that appear in the summer. Golden Alexander is the host plant for two species of swallowtail butterflies and a species of mining bee. It is a nectar plant for many other insect species including bees, flies, and wasps.

Herbarium specimen of False Nettle

The 3 beautiful butterflies of False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica)

False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica) is found in moist loamy places along streams and wetlands with no or light shade. It has green/white non-showy flowers that appear in the summer and fall. It is the host plant for three species of butterflies and a gall midge (fly).

Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) Shrub

The Spicy Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) is a common understory shrub in the forests of eastern North America. It has fragrant yellow/green flowers that appear in the early spring and is the host plant for two species of butterflies and one moth.

Butterfly Weed (Ascepias tuberosa) plants on a roadside

Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

Butterfly Weed is one of the most common milkweeds that is a host plant for Monarch Butterflies. It also serves as a host for other butterflies and a pollinator plant for others.