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(Cornus drummondii)
Rough-leaf Dogwood

Host Plant: Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon) and the Cecropia Moth (Hyalophora cecropia)

Nectar Plant: many insects including other butterflies, bees, wasps, and beetles.

Flower Color: yellowish-white

Growth Habit: deciduous shrub

Flowering Time: May to June

Range in North America: South-central, mid-west, and eastern United States

Exposure: Prefers full sun to part shade

Hardiness: Zones 5-8

Soil Requirements: wet and medium moisture well-drained soil

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Rough-leaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii)

Flowers of rough-leaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii).
White flowers of Rough-leaf Dogwood — photo by John Knouse, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Alternative Names

White Cornel, Drummond’s Dogwood, Small-flower Dogwood

Description of Rough-leaf Dogwood (Cornus amomum)

Rough-leaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii), a member of the Cornaceae (Dogwood Family), is a deciduous shrub that grows from 6′ to 16′ tall and blooms in the spring and early summer (May to June).  This plant grows in places with full sun or partial shade that are often of wet or medium moisture.

Hosted Species

Spring Azure Butterfly (Celastrina ladon)

Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon) on a leaf.
Spring Azure Butterfly on Leaf — ALAN SCHMIERER, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Cecropia Moth (Hyalophora cecropia)

Cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia) on a branch.
Cecropia Moth on Branch — Marvin Smith, CC BY-SA 2.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons

Nectar Species

Birds enjoy the fruits in the fall.


This dogwood grows in places with full sun to part-shade having wet to medium soil.

Range of Rough-leaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) in the United States and Canada

Range of rough-leaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) in the United States and Canada.
Range of rough-leaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) in the United States and Canada.

Rough-leaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is native to the south-central, mid-west, and eastern United States and the Province of Ontario in Canada.

Interesting Facts

The genus name, Cornus, comes from the Latin word, “Cornu,” which means horn and is in reference to the tough wood of the members of the genus (Missouri Botanical Garden).  The species name, drummondii, is the Latinized name for the botanist, Thomas Drummond.


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Rough-leaf Dogwood”

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