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(Echinacea purpurea)
Purple Coneflower

Host Plant: none

Nectar Plant: nectar plant to numerous butterflies and bees

Flower Color: pink to purple

Growth Habit: herbaceous perennial that grows to 4 feet tall

Range in North America: midwest and eastern North America

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade

Hardiness: Zones 3-9

Soil Requirements: medium moisture, but will tolerate most conditions

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Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

Purple flower of purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the McMullen House garden.
Purple Coneflower in a garden — Author Image

Alternative Names

Coneflower, Eastern Purple Coneflower, Purple Rudbeckia

Description of Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), a member of the Asteraceae (Aster Family), is a herbaceous perennial that grows to 4 feet tall and has pink to purple flowers that bloom in the summer and fall.  More information about this species can be found on this blog post.

Nectar Species

Purple coneflower is a nectar plant to numerous butterflies.


This species grows in prairies, meadows, and open woodlands.

Range of Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the United States and Canada

Range map of purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) in the United States and Canada.


Native Location

Ontario, Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone

Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9

Exposure Requirements

Full Sun, Part Shade/Part Sun

Plant Habit


Soil Requirements

Dry, Medium, Moist


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