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(Monarda citriodora)
Lemon Beebalm

Nectar Plant: many insects including other butterflies, bees, and wasps.

Flower Color: lavender, pink, rose to white

Growth Habit: herbaceous annual

Range in North America: Western and Mid-Western United States

Exposure: Prefers full sun to partial shade

Hardiness: Zones 2-11

Soil Requirements: well-drained soil is medium to dry

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Lemon Beebalm (Monarda citriodora)

Lavender flowers of lemon beebalm (Monarda citriodora).
Krzysztof Golik, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Alternative Names

Lemon Mint, Purple Horsemint

Description of Lemon Beebalm (Monarda citriodora)

Lemon Beebalm (Monarda citriodora), a member of the Lamiaceae (Mint Family), is a herbaceous annual that grows from 1′ to 2.5′ tall and blooms in the spring and summer (May to August).  This plant grows in open areas with full sun or partial shade such as open woods.

Nectar Species

Lemon beebalm (Monarda citriodora) is favored by various moths, butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.

Range of Lemon Beebalm (Monarda citriodora) in the United States and Canada

Range map of lemon beebalm (Monarda citriodora) in the United States and Canada.

Eastern Beebalm (Monarda citriodora) is native to the western and mid-western United States.  It is generally adventive on the edges of its range.

Interesting Facts

The genus name, Monarda, is in honor of a doctor from Spain, Nicholas Monardes (Missouri Botanical Garden).  The species name, citriodora, comes of the citrus scent of the plant.

Native Location

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone

Zone 2, Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9, Zone 10, Zone 11

Exposure Requirements

Full Sun, Part Shade/Part Sun

Plant Habit


Soil Requirements

Dry, Medium


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Lemon Beebalm”

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