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(Solidago patula)
Roundleaf Goldenrod

Host Plant: Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata)

Nectar Plant: Other insects, especially bees and wasps

Flower Color: yellow

Growth Habit: herbaceous perennial that grows from 2 to 6 feet tall

Range in North America: Mid-western and eastern North America

Exposure: Partial sun to partial shade

Hardiness: Zones 3-8

Soil Requirements: soil that is moist to wet

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Roundleaf Goldenrod (Solidago patula)

Yellow flowers of roundleaf goldenrod (Solidago patula) in a wooded setting.
Roundleaf Goldenrod in a wooded Setting — Solidago patula Muhl. observed in United States of America by Dave Behm (licensed under CC0 1.0)

Alternative Names

Rough-leaved Goldenrod and Swamp Goldenrod

Hosted Species

Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata)

Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerolata) on fabric.
Wavy-lined Emerald on Fabric — CBG Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Nectar Species

Many butterflies, bees, wasps, flies, ants, and beetles use this plant as a nectar source.  Birds, such as the Eastern Goldfinch, eat the seeds, and some mammals eat the stems and leaves.  Goldenrods in general are one of the most important nectar plants in the fall.  This particular species is used by soldier beetles.

Habitat

This goldenrod grows in partially shaded swamps and wetlands.

Range of Roundleaf Goldenrod (Solidago patula) in the United States and Canada

Range map of roundleaf goldenrod (Solidago patula) in the United States and Canada.

Interesting Facts

The genus name, Solidago, comes from the Latin for Solidus and ago and refers to the medicinal healing properties.  The species names, patula, means open or spread out (wordsense.eu).

Native Location

Ontario, Alabama, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone

Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Exposure Requirements

Full Sun, Part Shade/Part Sun

Plant Habit

Herbaceous

Soil Requirements

Moist, Wet

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Roundleaf Goldenrod”

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