Skip to content

(Solidago canadensis)
Canada Goldenrod

Host Plant: Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata)

Nectar Plant: Monarchs, and other butterflies and insects

Flower Color: yellow

Growth Habit: herbaceous perennial that grows from 2 to 6 feet tall

Range in North America: Northern mid-western and northeastern United States and Eastern Canada

Exposure: Full sun

Hardiness: Zones 3-9

Soil Requirements: moist to mesic soil

Affiliate Disclosure: When you click on links to various merchants on this site and make a purchase, this can result in this site earning a commission. Affiliate programs and affiliations include, but are not limited to, the eBay Partner Network.

Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

Yellow flowers of Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) with a wasp.
Canada Goldenrod with Wasp — Author Image

Alternative Names

Canadian Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod, Goldenrod, Meadow Goldenrod, and Tall Goldenrod

Description of Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) in the United States and Canada

Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis), a member of the Asteraceae (Aster Family), is a herbaceous perennial that grows 2 to 6 feet tall and has yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and fall from August to October. The alternate, simple leaves are lanceolate to linear in shape and have serrate margins. This plant grows in zones 3-9 and likes open areas with full sun. This plant spreads by rhizomes and can be weedy in some locations.

More information about this species can be found in this blog post.

Hosted Species

Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata)

Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerolata) on fabric.
Wavy-lined Emerald — CBG Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, CC0 1.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Nectar Species

Many butterflies, flies, ants, and beetles use this plant as a nectar source.  Birds such as the Eastern Goldfinch, eat the seeds, and some mammals eat the stem and leaves.  Goldenrods in general are one of the most important nectar plants in the fall.


This goldenrod grows in open areas such as fields, meadows, roadsides, and disturbed places with moist to mesic soil.

Range of Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) in the United States and Canada

Range map of Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis var. canadensis) in the United States and Canada.


Native Location

New Brunswick, Newfoundland-Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone

Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9

Exposure Requirements

Full Sun

Plant Habit


Soil Requirements

Medium, Moist


There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “(Solidago canadensis)
Canada Goldenrod”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

sixteen − three =

Size Chart



The owner of this website has made a commitment to accessibility and inclusion, please report any problems that you encounter using the contact form on this website. This site uses the WP ADA Compliance Check plugin to enhance accessibility.