Sweet Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Bronze Fennel, Finocchio, Florence Fennel
Description of Sweet Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
Sweet Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), a member of the Apiaceae (Carrot Family), is a herbaceous perennial that has yellow flowers that bloom in the summer. This plant is native to Europe, but has been naturalized in North America. This plant can grow to 4-6 feet tall and requires full sun. This plant has an anise or licorice aroma and can be used in salads.
Black Swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)
Anise Swallowtail (Papilio zelicaon)
Bees and other insects use this plant as a nectar source.
This species grows in open areas such as fields and meadows.
Introduced Range of Sweet Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) in the United States and Canada
The genus name, Foeniculum, comes from the name of an Italian salad and the species name, vulgare, means common.