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(Monarda fistulosa)
Wild Bergamot

Host Plant: none

Nectar Plant: Swallowtail Butterflies, butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds

Flower Color: white to purple

Growth Habit: herbaceous perennial that grows to 5 feet tall

Range in North America: Most of North America, except for California

Exposure: Full sun to partial shade

Hardiness: Zones 3-9

Soil Requirements: dry soil conditions

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Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

Pink flowers of wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa).
Flower of Wild Bergamot — Hardyplants at English Wikipedia, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Alternative Names

Bee-balm, Oswego-Tea, Eastern Bergamot

Description of Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa), a member of the Lamiaceae (Mint Family), is a herbaceous perennial that grows to 5 feet tall and has white to violet flowers that bloom from summer to fall.

Nectar Species

Wild Bergamot is a nectar plant to swallowtail butterflies, other butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.


This species grows in dry open areas such as prairies, fields, roadsides, and railroads.

Range of Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) in the United States and Canada

Range of wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa) in the United States and Canada.

Interesting Facts

This species is often used in teas and the leaves have a minty odor.  The species name, fistulosa, means tubular referring to the flower.

Native Location

Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territory, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone

Zone 3, Zone 4, Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8, Zone 9

Exposure Requirements

Full Sun, Part Shade/Part Sun

Plant Habit


Soil Requirements



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Wild Bergamot”

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