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New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) is a herbaceous perennial that grows in open areas such as fields, meadows, disturbed areas, and roadsides. In the fall, this plant flowers with goldenrod to form a mosaic of purple and yellow. This plant is a host for the Pearl Crescent butterfly and Canadian Conia Moth. It is also a widely used nectar and pollen source. This plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

Taxonomy and History of New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) — University of Minnesota Bell Museum, CC0 1.0, via Index Kewensis

Taxonomy

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) was originally described by Carl Von Linnaeus in 1753 in Species Plantarum as Aster novae-angliae. After going through a succession of names through the years, it was renamed to Symphyotrichum novae-angliae in 1995. This species is a member of the Aster Family (Asteraceae). Numerous cultivars are present in the horticultural trade.

New England Aster Description and Alternative Names

New England Aster flower — Mary Crickmore, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Description

New England Aster is a herbaceous perennial that grows from 3 to 7 feet tall. The opposite, simple, serrated leaves range from 3 to 6 inches in length and 1 to 3 inches in width.

Alternative Names

This plant is also known as the Michaelmas Daisy.

Range and Habitat

New England Aster in a field with goldenrod — Nicholas A. Tonelli from Northeast Pennsylvania, USA, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Range

This species is found in eastern North America, except Texas, Louisiana, and Florida.

Habitat

New England Aster is generally found growing in open areas such as meadows, fields, disturbed areas, and roadsides.

Pearl Crescent Butterfly — John Flannery from Richmond County, North Carolina, USA, CC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Bumble Bee on a flower — Weerlicht, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Host Species

This plant is a host for the Pearl Crescent butterfly (Phyciodes tharos), Silvery Checkerspot (Chlosyne nycteis) (Morton Arboretum) and the Canadian Conia moth (Sonia canadana) (Cornell Botanic Gardens). Bees of the Adrena genus get pollen from this plant.

Other Wildlife Value

This plant is used as a nectar and pollen source for bees, birds, and small mammals.

Interesting Facts

The species name, novae-angliae, means of New England. (Missouri Botanical Garden).

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