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Asteraceae

Plant of roundleaf goldenrod (Solidago patula) in a wooded setting.

Roundleaf Goldenrod (Solidago patula), a Comprehensive Guide in 10 Sections

Roundleaf Goldenrod (Solidago patula) is a herbaceous perennial that ranges from the mid-western to eastern United States. This plant, along with other goldenrods, is an important nectar source for many insects in the fall, including the Monarch butterfly. It can grow from 2 to 6 feet tall and has alternate, obovate leaves with serrate margins. The golden yellow flowers bloom from August to September and it is hardy in zones 3-8.

Yellow flowers of Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) in a woodland.

Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa), a Comprehensive Guide in 9 Sections

Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) is a herbaceous perennial that is found on the coastal plain of the east coast of the United States. This plant, along with other goldenrods, is an important nectar source for many insects in the fall including the Monarch butterfly. The golden yellow flowers bloom from July to November and it is hardy in zones 3-9.

Close up of flower of late goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

Giant Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea), a Comprehensive Guide in 10 Sections

Giant Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) is a herbaceous perennial that is found throughout the United States and Canada except for the western states and provinces. This plant, along with other goldenrods, is an important nectar source for many insects in the fall including the Monarch butterfly. It can grow from 3 to 7 feet tall and has lanceolate leaves with toothed margins. The golden yellow flowers bloom from August (sometimes July) to October and it is hardy in zones 3-8. The seeds for this plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

Sweet Joe-Pye Weed at McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden

The Tall and Full of Nectar, Sweet Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium purpureum)

Sweet Joe-Pye Weed (Eutrochium purpureum) is a herbaceous perennial that grows in open areas such as fields, meadows, gardens, woodland edges, and roadsides, where there is moist soil. The pink flowers bloom in the summer to early fall. It is not a host plant, but is a common nectar plant for many insects. This plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

Butterfly garden at McMullen House Bed & Breakfast with Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

The Magnificent Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)

Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) is a herbaceous perennial that grows in places with full sun or part shade. It is the host plant for three species of butterflies and a nectar source for other insects and the fruits are a food source for birds. The multi-colored flowers bloom in the summer and the fruits mature in the fall. Numerous horticultural varieties of this plant are found in the horticultural trade. This plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden shop.

Purple flower of New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae) is a herbaceous perennial that grows in open areas such as fields, meadows, disturbed areas, and roadsides. In the fall, this plant flowers with goldenrod to form a mosaic of purple and yellow. This plant is a host for the Pearl Crescent butterfly and Canadian Conia Moth. It is also a widely used nectar and pollen source.

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