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Host Plants

Plant of roundleaf goldenrod (Solidago patula) in a wooded setting.

Roundleaf Goldenrod (Solidago patula), a Comprehensive Guide in 10 Sections

Roundleaf Goldenrod (Solidago patula) is a herbaceous perennial that ranges from the mid-western to eastern United States. This plant, along with other goldenrods, is an important nectar source for many insects in the fall, including the Monarch butterfly. It can grow from 2 to 6 feet tall and has alternate, obovate leaves with serrate margins. The golden yellow flowers bloom from August to September and it is hardy in zones 3-8.

Yellow flowers of Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) in a woodland.

Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa), a Comprehensive Guide in 9 Sections

Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) is a herbaceous perennial that is found on the coastal plain of the east coast of the United States. This plant, along with other goldenrods, is an important nectar source for many insects in the fall including the Monarch butterfly. The golden yellow flowers bloom from July to November and it is hardy in zones 3-9.

Greenish-white flowers of Zizotes Milkweed (Asclepias oenotheroides).

Zizotes Milkweed (Asclepias oenotheroides), a Comprehensive Guide in 10 Sections

Zizotes Milkweed (Asclepias oenotheroides) is a herbaceous perennial that is found in the south-central and southwestern United States. This plant is a host to the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus). It can grow to 2 feet tall and has white, greenish-white to yellow flowers that bloom from March and December depending on location. It is hardy in zones 7-9. This plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

Plant of Heart-leaf Milkweed (Asclepias cordifolia) with purple flowers.

Heart-leaf Milkweed (Asclepias cordifolia), a Comprehensive Guide in 10 Sections

Heart-leaf Milkweed (Asclepias cordifolia) is a herbaceous perennial that is found in the western United States. This plant is a host to the Monarch Butterfly (Danaus plexippus) and the Queen Butterfly (Danaus gilippus). It can grow to 4 feet tall in the best conditions and has red to purple flowers that bloom in the spring and summer. It is hardy in zones 7-10. This plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

White flower of Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida).

Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), an Easy Guide in 10 Sections

Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida) is a small tree that is found in the mid-western and eastern United States and Ontario in Canada. This tree is a host plant to the Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon). It can grow from 15 to 25 feet tall and has ovate shaped leaves. The white, pink, to green flowers bloom in the spring and is hardy in zones 3-7. This plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

Close up of flower of late goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

Giant Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea), a Comprehensive Guide in 10 Sections

Giant Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) is a herbaceous perennial that is found throughout the United States and Canada except for the western states and provinces. This plant, along with other goldenrods, is an important nectar source for many insects in the fall including the Monarch butterfly. It can grow from 3 to 7 feet tall and has lanceolate leaves with toothed margins. The golden yellow flowers bloom from August (sometimes July) to October and it is hardy in zones 3-8. The seeds for this plant can be purchased in the McMullen House Bed & Breakfast Garden Shop.

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