Pine-Barren Goldenrod, Hairy Pinewoods Goldenrod
Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa), a member of the Asteraceae (Aster Family), is a herbaceous perennial that grows 1.5 to 6 feet tall and has yellow flowers that bloom in the summer and fall from July to November. In some areas it can flower year round. The alternate, simple leaves are oblanceolate to lanceolate in shape and have serrate margins. The lower leaves have winged petioles and the upper leaves are generally sessile. The stems are hairy. This plant grows in zones 5-11 and likes open areas with full sun to partial shade. More about this species can be on this blog post.
Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata)
Many butterflies, bees, wasps, flies, ants, and beetles use this plant as a nectar source, especially bees and wasps. Birds, such as the Eastern Goldfinch, eat the seeds, and some mammals eat the stems and leaves. Goldenrods in general are one of the most important nectar plants in the fall.
Range of Pine-Barren Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa) in the United States and Canada
Pine Barren Goldenrod is found in moist open areas such as marsh edges, thickets, roadsides, fields, swamps, bogs, and open pine woodlands. This plant is adapted to the fire ecology found in the coastal plains of the Southeastern United States.