Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)

Host Plant: Spicebush Swallowtail, but also hosts other swallowtail butterflies

Nectar Plant: many insects

Flower Color: white

Growth Habit: Deciduous tree that grows to 30-60 feet tall

Range in North America: Eastern North America

Exposure: Part sun

Hardiness: Zones 4-9

Soil Requirements: Medium moist soil

White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Lily-of-the-Valley Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Saloop

Sassafras (Sassafras albidum), a member of the Lauraceae (Laurel Family), is a deciduous tree that grows to 70 feet tall and has green and yellow flowers that bloom in the spring.  Birds like to eat the fruits of this tree.

Spicebush Swallowtail (Papilio troilus troilus)

Spicebush Swallowtail on a leaf – Kaldari, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilio glaucus)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail on a flower – Kaldari, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Palamedes Swallowtail (Papilio palamedes)

Palamedes Swallowtail on a leaf – Renee from Las Vegas, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Pale Swallowtail (Papilio eurymedon)

Pale Swallowtail on a red flower – ALAN SCHMIERER, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

This tree is found in open woodlands, fields, roadsides, and waste areas.  It is native to eastern North America.

The species is the Latin name for white (Missouri Botanical Garden).  This tree can often form large clones.

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