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(Solidago ohioensis) Ohio Goldenrod

Hosted Species: Wavy-lined Emerald

Nectar Plant: many insects including other butterflies, bees, wasps, and birds such as hummingbirds.

Flower Color: golden yellow

Growth Habit: herbaceous perennial that grows from 3 to 4 feet tall

Range in North America: Mid-western and northeastern United States and the province of Ontario

Exposure: Prefers full sun

Hardiness: Zones 4-6

Soil Requirements: moist to medium, well-drained soil

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  • Plant of Ohio goldenrod (Solidago ohioensis).
    Solidago ohioensis Riddell observed in Canada by Kathleen Houlahan Chayer (licensed under CC0).


    No other common names known.

    Ohio Goldenrod (Solidago ohioensis), a member of the Asteraceae (Aster Family), is a herbaceous perennial that grows up to 4′ tall and blooms in the summer to fall (August to September).  The fruits, which are achenes, mature in the late summer to fall.

    Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerata)

    Wavy-lined Emerald (Synchlora aerolata) on fabric.
    CBG Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

    Other butterflies, bees, and wasps use this plant as a nectar source.

    Range map of Ohio goldenrod (Solidago ohioensis) in the United States and Canada.


    Native range of Ohio Goldenrod (Solidago ohioensis)

    Ohio goldenrod is a herbaceous perennial that is found in open areas with full sun such as sand dunes, marshes, river banks, and calcareous cliffs (NY Natural Heritage Program).  It is native to the southern, mid-western, and northeastern United States.

    The genus name, Solidago, is Latin for “whole” and “ago” in reference to the healing properties (Missouri Botanical Garden)  and the species name, ohioensis, is Latinized for the state of Ohio.


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